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The location of milk product plant is decided based on milk product consumption, availability of milk, and other services required. It is advantageous to locate manufacturing plant close to areas where surplus milk is available after meeting the daily requirement of liquid milk. The activities of milk product manufacturing should be centralized to get milk plant 2 of economic handling of both fluid milk, seasonal surplus milk and milk products with a better management control.
The location of the plant is as per the requirement of dairy machinery and its installation requirements,which decides the building should be of single storey or multi-storey and accordingly site is selected looking to the topological requirements considering water level and application of super structure concept for the building. Here, there is the production of products like cheese, butter, ice-creams, etc. So the plant should be located near the producing areas.
The difference in the location areas of both plants in the minimized transportation cost. Milk plants can be classified based on its capacity:.
These are usually on ground floor i. The milk storage tanks can be easily be placed in the processing rooms. Also the laboratory is connected to the milk reception room.
The despatch should be placed next to the storage. The arrangement should be such that keeps the flow in view and all pipes should be kept as short as possible. A wall should be made in such manner that allows a provision for future expansion. The capacity of the medium sized dairy plant ranges from 20, lit to 1,00, litres of milk handling per day.
Each room should be planned separately and arranged with forward flow of product as per requirement. Here, the plant building may have few floors having multi-product manufacture, where the reception is done at the ground floor and should have both milk treatment and tank storage on the first floor. If products like milk powder are to be manufactured, then the powder plant should placed in different building.
A few points mentioned below will help in determining the location of milk product plant:. It should be noted that, suitable site would always provide easy transport of raw material to the plant and disposal of finished products. If pasteurized milk is to be distributed in glass bottles or small containers which are to be returned for reuse, the dairy should be situated close to consumption area.
For any reason, if dairy is situated far away from consumption area, it is necessary to transport bottled milk in large quantity to local depots equipped with cold storage facilities. For instance a plant installed by the side of a heavily traveled highway naturally commands good sales. Larger plant will require more land for smooth control of traffic pattern. A milk product plant can be located preferably in a village location due to the following reasons. Proximity to the milk shed, reduced transportation cost for raw material.
Increased shelf life of the product when compared to the raw material. Availability of cheap land and labour.
Reduced noise and pollution. In many cases the volume of the final product is less than the milk used, hence reduction in transport and handling cost eg: Cheese, Butter. Solid products can be transported in trucks. Site news. Lesson 6.
Lesson 6 Quiz. Lesson 7. Lesson 7 Quiz. Lesson 8. Lesson 8 Quiz. Lesson 9. Lesson 9 Quiz. Module 2. Location and site selection for dairy plants. Skip. Lesson 6 Quiz Lesson 7. Lesson 7 Quiz Lesson 8. You are currently using guest access Log in.Milk plant 2
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DAIRY PLANT DE AND LAYOUT